New Jersey’s Community Solar Program Makes Solar More Accessible
This is a guest blog post by Joseph L. Fiordaliso, President, New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU), the state agency responsible for regulating our critical utilities—natural gas, electricity, water, telecommunications, and cable—to ensure safe, reliable service at reasonable rates.
As the cost of renewable energy continues to drop, “going solar” becomes a viable option for more New Jerseyans. Over 100,000 homes and businesses in our state now benefit from solar, many of which are seeing savings on their utility bills. Governor Phil Murphy and NJBPU are advancing renewables in the Garden State. However, not everyone is able to put solar panels directly on their roof. To address that, New Jersey recently launched its first Community Solar Energy Pilot Program, and started accepting applications in April.
The goal of the Pilot Program is to increase access to solar energy for New Jersey ratepayers. The flexibility of community solar makes “going solar” accessible for more customers, especially those who previously could not install solar for reasons like cost, roof unsuitability, or lack of roof control. This segment of customers often includes renters, apartment dwellers, and low-income households.
The community solar model is being adopted nationwide because it provides more equitable access to the clean-air and money-saving benefits of solar. More than 16 other states already have existing community solar programs, thus providing valuable experience from which New Jersey drew during the development and implementation of its Pilot Program.
In New Jersey’s Pilot Program, the application form – which reflects extensive stakeholder input – outlines the requirements for projects, including a criteria rubric by which applications will be evaluated. New Jersey is the first state ever to utilize an evaluation rubric for its community solar program, as opposed to a first come, first served process. This will ensure an intentional selection approach and fair access to the program among diverse solar vendors and project types, and will help maximize the State’s learning from the Pilot Program.
Unlike traditional solar installations, a community solar project does not need to be placed directly on a ratepayer’s own roof. As long as it is located within the subscriber’s electric utility service territory, the system of panels can be installed—for example—over a neighborhood parking lot, atop an apartment complex, or even on a municipal landfill or brownfield.
The power produced by the solar installation is divided among multiple participants, known as subscribers, who can choose either to purchase an ownership share of the system or sign up for a monthly subscription. Community solar subscribers – who can be residential, commercial, or industrial – receive a credit on their monthly utility bills equivalent to their share of the solar energy produced.
In New Jersey’s Community Solar Pilot Program, which is administered through NJBPU’s Clean Energy Program, each community solar project must have at least 10 subscribers. Landlords of master-metered multi-family buildings may apply, but must provide proof that they will pass the savings on to their tenants. Subscriptions are portable within the geographic limits of the project, and may be sold back to the project owner.
New Jersey’s program will allocate 40% of the program capacity – a number much higher than many other states’ programs — to projects that serve low- and moderate-income communities. This will allow underserved households and environmental justice communities to benefit from renewable energy while seeing credits on their electricity bills that are equal to or greater than the amount of their subscriptions.
More details about the Community Solar Energy Pilot Program and application forms are available on the Clean Energy Program website’s community solar information page. Applications will be evaluated for completeness, and scored based on the criteria found at the end of the application packet. The deadline for applications is September 9, 2019. Questions and requests for more information may be emailed to NJBPU’s Clean Energy Program.
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August 26, 2019